Census Update: Ohio’s Uninsured Rates Continue to Decline

By Kate Warren
Research Associate
September 14, 2017 

Looking at Census insurance data is a great example of how policy can truly move the needle on issues facing our communities. The Affordable Care Act and Medicaid Expansion have allowed hundreds of thousands of Ohioans to access the healthcare they need, and the number of people impacted by this policy grows each year.

In the state of Ohio, as in the nation, the number of uninsured people dropped once again in 2016. Between 2015 and 2016, an additional 102,548 Ohioans gained health insurance coverage, a statistically significant change. The number of uninsured people in the state dropped 14 percent. As of 2016, only 5.6 percent of Ohioans lacked health insurance coverage, compared to 6.5 percent in 2016.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates

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New Data Next Week! What Community Solutions Will Look For

By Emily Campbell
Associate Director, Williamson Family Fellow for Applied Research
September 6, 2017

Each year, the U.S. Census Bureau releases an updated set of data about housing, income, employment, family structure, and health insurance coverage.  The 2016 Current Population Survey and 2016 American Community Survey one-year estimates are both scheduled for release the week of September 11. We, at The Center for Community Solutions, are anxiously awaiting these releases and are ready to quickly and accurately analyze the data. Below are some things we will examine.

1. Will the improving poverty trend continue? 
Last year, poverty in the City of Cleveland, Cuyahoga County, and in communities across the state dropped, in some places by statistically significant amounts. In Cleveland, child poverty in particular dropped from an estimate of 58.5 percent in 2014, to 49.9 percent in 2015. If poverty holds steady or continues to decline, it’s a good indication that the prospects of low-income Ohioans have truly improved. But it is possible that the large declines shown last year were somewhat of a data anomaly. Our research staff each have a different appraisal of what will happen – will poverty continue to fall, go back up, or hold steady, and will any change be statistically significant?

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Census Bureau Prepares for 2020 Census
and Continues Annual American Community Survey

Joseph Ahern, Research Fellow
February 10, 2017

On April 1, 2020, a little over three years from now, the U.S. Census Bureau will conduct its decennial Census, counting every person and housing unit in the country. The Census is mandated by the U.S. Constitution with its primary purpose to provide data for apportioning seats in the House of Representatives among the states. Planning activities for 2020 have been underway since the last Census in 2010 and will be accelerating as the decade comes to an end. These activities include compiling address lists, updating geographic databases, finalizing the questionnaire, and designing and testing logistical procedures.

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The Results Are In! Community Solutions’ 2016 Audience Survey
By Emily Campbell
Associate Director | Senior Fellow / Williamson Family Fellow for Applied Research
November 28, 2016

Every year, The Center for Community Solutions surveys our audience to find out what they think are the most pressing issues facing Ohio, and to get a sense of areas of strength and opportunities for improvement in our work.  The 2016 online survey was conducted over the course of three weeks in September and October.  In total, 410 people responded, representing nonprofit organizations, government agencies, private and public companies, philanthropy, and higher education.  While respondents were concentrated in Northeast Ohio and around Columbus, we received feedback from all corners of the state.

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Neighborhoods to Watch, For Better or Worse
By Kate Warren
Policy & Planning Associate
October 27, 2016

In this blog, I’ll share some of the neighborhood that stood out to me as I explored the data in the neighborhood profiles. For some highlights from the data, check out my blog from earlier in the week. Click here to view the Cleveland Neighborhood Profiles.

The Central Neighborhood Struggle
There are neighborhoods in Cleveland that are hurting, and then there’s the Central neighborhood, which was home to the nation’s first public housing, and remains heavily concentrated with public housing today. Central’s median household income of $9,647 is over $5,000 less than the next lowest earning neighborhood. At that income a single person would be well below the federal poverty level, but in Central, 43 percent of households are families with children, and most of those families are headed by a single parent. They have the highest rate of households with cash public assistance income (19 percent) and households receiving SNAP, or food stamps (68 percent). They have the highest poverty rate in the city, with 69 percent of residents living below poverty, and nearly half of residents living in deep poverty (less than 50% of the poverty threshold). While the senior poverty rate for Ohio is only 8 percent, 41 percent of seniors in Central live below poverty. These indicators paint a dismal picture of the Central Neighborhood.

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Cleveland Neighborhood Profiles: Highlights from the Data
By Kate Warren
Policy & Planning Associate
October 24, 2016

This week, Community Solutions released profiles for each of Cleveland’s neighborhoods. Check out the profiles here. In this blog, I’ll share some of the highlights found in the data. Look out for another blog later in the week where I will call attention to some neighborhoods to watch, for better or worse.

Cleveland’s neighborhoods vary in size, though some are very populous. Kamm’s, Glenville, and Old Brooklyn each have more residents than the city of Solon. The Downtown, University, and Edgewater neighborhoods have the lowest percentage of children (4 percent, 7 percent, and 13 percent respectively), while Cuyahoga Valley, Central, Buckeye-Woodhill, and Kinsman each are comprised of at least 30 percent children. The highest proportions of older adults (age 65+) live in Fairfax, Lee-Seville, and Lee-Harvard.

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Census Highlights: What do the Latest Census Data Tell Us about Northeast Ohio?

By Kate Warren
Policy & Planning Associate
September 15, 2016

Today the U.S. Census Bureau released its American Community Survey one-year estimates for 2015. These estimates are only available for geographies with populations of 65,000 or more, meaning that in Ohio we can look at data for most of our counties, and a few of our larger cities. Many of the local changes in the data reflect what we saw in the national data released on Tuesday.[1]  Ohio is seeing falling poverty rates, rising median household income, and falling rates of uninsured.

Poverty is Declining & Income is Rising
Mirroring the national trend, poverty has decreased over the past year for many Northeast Ohio communities. Despite progress in many communities, nearly 1.7 million Ohioans were living below poverty in 2015. While Cleveland remains one of Ohio’s poorest cities, with more than one in three of its residents living below the poverty threshold, its poverty rate dropped significantly from 39.2 percent in 2014 to 34.7 percent in 2015. Akron’s poverty rate rose to 25.9 percent over the past year (though the difference between 2014 and 2015 in Akron is not statistically significant).

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Census Review: 
The Impact of the Affordable Care Act on the Uninsured
By Loren Anthes
Fellow, Center for Medicaid Policy

September 15, 2016

The Center for Community Solutions team has been analyzing the implications of the latest U.S. Census information. To learn more about this data more broadly, please click here to see the blog post by Kate Warren. With that said, I wanted to dive a bit more deeply into one set of metrics around the uninsured and the policy underpinnings that have led to the current data measurements.

The census data revealed that Ohio’s uninsured rate continues to decrease, showing a reduction of the uninsured by over 500 thousand since 2013. In just five years, Cuyahoga County has seen its uninsured rate cut in half (12.5 percent uninsured in 2010 to 6.1 percent in 2015), and Cleveland’s uninsured rate has dropped nearly 10 percentage points over the same period. This decrease is attributable, in large part, to the passage of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) which provided coverage through an optional Medicaid expansion and the creation of the Health Insurance Marketplace (Marketplace). The effects of these two aspects of the law, however, are not limited to their existence and, in fact, the two have shown to have significant influence on one another.

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Extreme Poverty in Ohio: 
How Many People in Ohio Live on Less than $2.00 Per Day?

By Joseph Ahern
Research Fellow

Updated April 6, 2016

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So Many Hospitals, But Where’s the Health?
Kate Warren, Policy & Planning Assistant
March 23, 2016

Those of us who are from Greater Cleveland know the pride with which Clevelanders talk about our local hospital system. People come from all over the world to be treated for chronic conditions at The Cleveland Clinic. MetroHealth’s Level 1 Trauma Center was Cuyahoga County’s only Level 1 Trauma Center, until this past December, when University Hospitals opened their own. UH Rainbow Babies and Children’s Hospital provides excellent healthcare for our region’s young people. All of these hospitals and doctors make Cuyahoga County a leader in the state for clinical care, but the data show that we’re not actually a very healthy county. So what’s the problem?

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